Who was the originator of the chocolate chip cookie?


Chocolate chip cookies are a universally beloved treat that have become a staple in bakeries, homes, and grocery stores around the world. But who was the mastermind behind this delectable dessert? The origin of the chocolate chip cookie can be traced back to a woman named Ruth Wakefield, whose innovation and creativity revolutionized the world of baking.

The birth of the chocolate chip cookie

The story of the chocolate chip cookie began in the 1930s, when Ruth Wakefield was running the Toll House Inn in Whitman, Massachusetts, with her husband. One day, while baking a batch of butter drop cookies, she realized she was out of baker’s chocolate. So instead, she decided to chop up a Nestlé chocolate bar and mix it into the dough, thinking it would melt and create a chocolatey cookie. To her surprise, the chocolate chunks held their shape and the result was a delicious new creation: the chocolate chip cookie.

Ruth Wakefield: a woman ahead of her time

Ruth Wakefield was not only a talented baker, but also a savvy businesswoman and innovator. She had a degree in household arts from Framingham State Normal School and ran the Toll House Inn with her husband, Kenneth, who was a talented chef. But it was Ruth who was responsible for the desserts, and she took her role seriously. She was constantly experimenting with new recipes and techniques, and was always looking for ways to improve her dishes and make them stand out.

Wakefield’s recipe evolution

After her accidental discovery of the chocolate chip cookie, Ruth Wakefield continued to tinker with the recipe, trying out different types of chocolate and ratios of ingredients. She also experimented with using brown sugar instead of white sugar, which gave the cookies a richer flavor. Over time, her recipe evolved into the classic version we know and love today.

The first chocolate chip cookie recipe

The original recipe for Toll House Chocolate Crunch Cookies, as they were called, was published in a Boston newspaper in 1938, and quickly became popular with home bakers across the country. The recipe called for 1/2 cup of chopped nuts, which was later omitted from the recipe. Nestlé acquired the rights to the recipe in exchange for a lifetime supply of chocolate, and printed it on the back of their chocolate bar wrappers, making it even more widely known.

The Toll House Inn and its legacy

The Toll House Inn was a popular roadside restaurant that attracted travelers and locals alike. It was known for its delicious food, warm hospitality, and cozy atmosphere. Ruth Wakefield was a beloved figure in the community, and her chocolate chip cookies became a signature item at the inn. The Toll House Inn closed its doors in 1967, but its legacy lives on through the chocolate chip cookie.

The Nestlé deal

In 1939, Nestlé approached Ruth Wakefield with a proposal: they would print her recipe on their chocolate bar wrappers, and in exchange, she would receive a lifetime supply of chocolate. Wakefield agreed to the deal, and the rest is history. The recipe became even more widely known, and Nestlé’s chocolate sales skyrocketed.

The chocolate chip cookie’s worldwide popularity

Today, the chocolate chip cookie is a beloved treat all around the world. It has been adapted and reimagined in countless ways, but the classic version remains the most popular. Whether you prefer soft and chewy or crispy and crunchy, there’s a chocolate chip cookie recipe out there for everyone.

Copycats and variations

Over the years, many bakers have tried to replicate Ruth Wakefield’s famous recipe, and countless variations have been created. Some have added different types of chocolate, like white or dark chocolate, while others have added nuts, dried fruit, or even bacon. But no matter how many copycats and variations there are, the original Toll House recipe remains the gold standard.

The chocolate chip cookie in popular culture

The chocolate chip cookie has become a cultural icon, appearing in movies, TV shows, and advertisements. It has been referenced in songs, books, and even video games. The cookie has become a symbol of warmth, comfort, and nostalgia, and is often associated with childhood memories and holiday traditions.

Wakefield’s impact on American cuisine

Ruth Wakefield’s innovation and creativity had a profound impact on American cuisine. Her chocolate chip cookie recipe was just one of many she created, and her commitment to using fresh, quality ingredients and experimenting with new flavors and techniques helped to elevate the culinary scene in the United States. Her legacy lives on through the countless bakers who continue to create and enjoy her famous cookies.


The story of the chocolate chip cookie is a testament to the power of innovation and creativity. Ruth Wakefield’s accidental discovery has become a beloved treat around the world, and her legacy as a pioneering baker and businesswoman continues to inspire new generations. The next time you bite into a warm, gooey chocolate chip cookie, remember the woman behind the recipe, and savor every delicious bite.

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Alexandra Cass

Alexandra is a seasoned writer and the lead editor at Food Republic News. Her passion for food extends beyond work, as she constantly explores new recipes, reviews restaurants, and documents her culinary adventures on social media. Alexandra graduated with honors in Journalism and History from NYU, honing her writing and research skills while thriving in the vibrant culinary landscape of New York City.

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